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Biserica "Sf. Neculai"

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  • Documentary attesting
        Hirlau played a very special role in the agitated history of medieval Moldova. The first documentary attestation about Hirlau is bind to the Court of Lady Margareta Musat (the mother of the leader Petru I Musat) that was set here on the 1st of May 1384. Its importance grew during the leadership of Stefan cel Mare, who rebuilt the court of the princely palace in 1486 and six years later, he added an architectural jewel: the Saint George Church - the first monument with a great scenery painted outside.

    On the 12th of July 1499, Stefan cel Mare signed the Peace Treaty with the king Ioan Albert of Poland in Hirlau, fact that proves both the leader's victory on the battle fields, and the town development. Petru Rares was proclaimed by Stefan cel mare as the leader of Hirlau.
        During Radu Mihnea's leadership Hirlau became princely residence and was the place where the leader died, in January 1626.
        After this age of glory, Hirlau slowly begun to fall into decay, so that there are few documents to remind about it.

  • Historical vestiges
        In the center of the town there are the ruins of the Musatini Princely Court. It was the Stefan ce Mare's favourite residence and later Mihnea Voda moved there the capital of Moldova (the 2nd of October 1624).
        Since 1985, the House of the chancellor Tautu's descendants has been sheltering the History and Etnographic Museum.
        Around Hirlau anybody can admire the geto-dacian fortress from Catalina-Cotnari, that has been lasting since IV-III centuries B.C., the ruins of Latin School from Cotnari, those of the Castle from Ceplenita belonging to the chronicler Grigore Ureche and the small convents from Deleni .

  • Religious tradition
        Saint George Church, a gorgeous architectural monument that was built by Stefan cel Mare in 1492, is one of the most interesting site in the country.
        Saint Dumitru Church was built by Petru Rares in 1542 and represents an harmonious joining of the Byzantine and Gothic styles.
        The Catholic Church was rebuilt in 1600.

  • Culture
        Since 1918, in Hirlau has been developed a real spiritual activity. The cultural and artistic activities were organized at the library. On the 21st of October 1992 the Youth Society was founded. On the 29th of June 1925 the library was changed into the "Petru Rares" Cultural Home, in order to praize the leader's personality whose life and activity had been bind to Hirlau.

  • Education
        In 1552, Alexandru Lapusneanu, founded the College from Hirlau, the first lay school in Moldova.
        The "Stefan cel Mare" Primary Boys School was built later, in 1881, followed by the Girls School, in 1888. The two schools became later a Mixed General School in order to respond to the need of enlarging the learning space.
        The Mixed Gymnasium was set up in 1953 and later, it was changed into the theoretical High School.
        In Hirlau there is a sports association. The town team of oina (similar to baseball) gained the national champions title three times, and once the national vice-champions title.

  • Touristic interest
        Passing through Hirlau, the tourists can admire the elegant silhouette of the hotel symbolicaly named Raresoaia.
        Another touristic attractions are the oak reservations from Humosu and Basaraba.
        The tourist activity of Hirlau includes:
    • 10 sightseeings;
    • a hotel with 60 rooms;
    • a pupil camp (Pircovaci);
    • a summer camp at Poiana Deleni.

  • Economy
        The most important occupation of the inhabitants is agriculture: harvesting and animal breeding. They also do gardening, vinning and fruit growing.

  •     Trade had begun to develop since XV-XVI centuries.
        Until 1968 there were only small workshops.
        If in 1968 there were only 68 flats, in 1980 their number had raised at 1,018, and in 1997 at about 2,000 flats.
        A hospital, an urban medical unit, a 400 places hostel-hospital, a polyclinic and two pharmacies carry on their activity in Hirlau.
        There are three state banks and two private ones.